Python Path

Python4j and custom python path

The default python path

By default, javacpp provides a python path for us by listing its bundled dependencies that are provided in the javacpp jar files. This includes numpy as well if the user is using our python4j-numpy module. However, in real world applications many users will need additional libraries in order to run the scripts they built in other environments.

##Specifying a custom python path

Python4j allows a user to specify a custom python path. This python path should be the same version as the python version being provided by python4j. In order to specify a custom python path, a user should be aware of 3 properties: 1. org.eclipse.python4j.path: This system property is where a user can specify which python path to use. A user can obtain this python path with this small snippet:

import sys
import os
  1. org.eclipse.python4j.path.append: This system property is how to interoperate with the python path provided

    by javacpp. A user can select none, before, or after. This affects the loading order for all libraries.

    A dependency clash can happen if a user uses a different version of numpy from the one in javacpp for example.

    In order to avoid clashes, specify none for the system property.

Creating a custom python path setup using miniconda

It is recommended to use an embedded miniconda zipped up as an archive for distributing any dependencies needed for a target platform. In order to setup miniconda, please see anaconda's installation guide

Afterwards, run the needed conda install commands from the miniconda install directory on the target system. From there, run the command specified above in our custom python path section

This will print the python path you need to pass to python4j before it initializes.

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